Who was Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi? Top 7 Unknown Facts about Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi
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Who was #PriyaRanjanDasmunsi? Top 7 Unknown Facts about Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi

RTIwala Team answers all your question about Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi! As you may have been reading or hearing about the sudden demise of Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi on news channels and news websites. We’re going to tell you about Who was Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi? Top 7 Unknown Facts about Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi which you should know!

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Who was Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi?

Who was Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi? Top 7 Unknown Facts about Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi
Source: The Telegraph, India

He was a senior Congress party leader, former Union minister and MP from Raiganj constituency in West Bengal. He was survived by his wife Deepa Dasmunsi and son Priyadeep Dasmunsi. Dasmunsi was President of Indian Youth Congress in West Bengal from 1970 to 1971. The late leader entered the Indian Parliament in 1971.

Related: What is AIPC or Professionals’ Congress?

He was sworn in as Union Minister of State, Commerce in 1985. Late Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi was the cabinet minister in Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and Ministry of Information and Broadcasting during the first term of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

When and How Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi Died?

The Congress Statesman suffered a massive stroke on October 12, 2008. which left him partially paralyzed and unable to speak. Blood supply to a part of his brain was cut off causing irreversible damage. His body systems were functional but he breathed through a tracheostomy tube attached to his neck and was fed through a PEG tube in his stomach. All basic life functions like breathing, blood pressure, sleep-wake cycle were stable but he was not conscious of his surroundings.

Also Read: Most Expensive Mobile Phones gifted to Ministers and Govt Officials

Mr. PR Dasmunsi (72), died at 12.10 p.m. today (Monday). He had been critically ill for the past one month and unfortunately succumbed to his illness, said Apollo Hospital in a statement.

Top 7 Unknown Facts about Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi

  1. Late Dasmunsi was the first Indian to be a match commissioner in a World Cup match in 2006.
  2. Dasmunsi also served as the President of the All India Football Federation (AIFF) for almost 20 years.
  3. Dasmunsi was President of Indian Youth Congress in West Bengal from 1970 to 1971.
  4. He entered the Indian Parliament in 1971. He was sworn in as Union Minister of State, Commerce in 1985.
  5. The whole expenditure and all hospital bills are paid by Government of India.
  6. Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi’s dream to set up an AIIMS-like hospital in Raiganj remained unfulfilled.
  7. His wife Deepa Dasmunsi contested against her brother-in-law brother Satyaranjan Dasmunsi and won the 2009 LS election from the Raiganj constituency in West Bengal by TMC.

Also Read: Rw Reveals Top 10 Unknown Facts of Mahatma Gandhi

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Why Google Doodle not celebrating #ChildrensDay but the hole punch history!
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Why Google Doodle not celebrating #ChildrensDay but the hole punch history!

Why Google Doodle not celebrating #ChildrensDay but the hole punch history!

Under RTIwala Trending segment, RTIwala Team gonna explain Why Google Doodle not celebrating #ChildrensDay but the hole punch history! As we all know that Google used to celebrate the birth and death anniversary of people, places and things (inventions) by dedicating an artistic doodle for them. This time to Google India has celebrated the birth anniversary of Hole Punching Machine’s History! The Google Doodle displays the logo consisting of colorful paper circles, expect the fourth letter ‘g,’ which is replaced with a blue sheet of paper.

What’s Hole punch machine is all about?

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This is the tiny single hand-operated machine used for putting a hole in papers and thin cardboard. You may have seen it in schools, offices, and libraries. Serving the purpose to keep and align many papers together. These days, the standard international measurement ISO 838 is the most common in double-hole punchers. And, the single-hole punchers are also regularly used for a variety of jobs, like validating tickets or marking used playing cards before they are binned. The design has also been scaled up to large machines that can punch through hundreds of sheets at once for use in the printing industry.

Who invented the hole punch machine and When?

RTIwala Explains Why Google Doodle not celebrating #ChildrensDay but the hole punch history!
Antique Soennecken hole punch, Wikimedia

The first patent for a hole puncher or Papierlocher für Sammelmappen (paper hole maker for binding) was filed on 14 November 1886 by inventor Friedrich Soennecken. Mr. Soennecken was a German office supplier from the town of Remscheid who founded his own company, F Soennecken Verlag, in 1875.

Also Read: Who was Anasuya Sarabhai, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts!

His work quickly became renowned for their quality, and his paper and pens were a favorite of German philosopher Freidrich Nietzsche, the man who coined the phrase:

“What does not kill me makes me stronger”.

As well as inventing the hole puncher, Mr. Soennecken created the ring binder to store the freshly punched sheets and a style of calligraphy designed to be neat yet standardized and easy to learn. The hole puncher’s design has not changed much in the 131 years since its invention.

Why Google celebrating the 131st Anniversary of the Hole Puncher, not the Children’s Day?

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As per the Official statement on Google’s Doodle Blog, which is as follow:

Today we celebrate 131 years of the hole puncher, an understated – but essential – artefact of German engineering. As modern workplaces trek further into the digital frontier, this centuries-old tool remains largely, wonderfully, the same.

Doodle by Gerben Steenks.

And another thing which clearly shows is that the widespread use of Punch across the globe show its popularity and significance. Therefore is being celebrated in most of the countries as dedicated Google Doodle, including India.

RTIwala Explains Why Google Doodle not celebrating #ChildrensDay but the hole punch history!
Source: Google Blog

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RTIwala Reveals: #GSTOverhaul - What all you should need to know?
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#GSTOverhaul – What all you should need to know?

#GSTOverhaul – What all you should need to know?

The RTIwala Team Explains everything you should know about the Gabbar Singh Tax, Oops! We mean Goods and Service Tax and recent changes. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council in a latest major overhaul has slashed tax on over 200 items. It has reduced the levy on restaurants to 5 percent. A major outcome of this overhauling is that the Council has left only 50 products under the highest 28 percent slab. The GST Council has increased the composition limit for small businesses. All these major steps form a part of its comprehensive overhaul of the new tax regime.

Related: Yashwant Sinha Vs. Arun Jaitley: The Other Game of Thrones

These changes will benefit consumers and businesses alike. Products ranging from perfumes to chocolates to fans become cheaper. This will help douse some of the criticism that has dogged the four-month-old tax system. The economy will get a boost from the likely consumption advance. Better compliance is due to get simpler and less-taxing scheme.

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GST and the journey

The GST Council which is the apex decision-making body approved tax cuts on 178 items to 18 percent from 28 percent. In restaurants, the tax rate has come to 5 percent but without credit for taxes paid on inputs used. This shall make household items and eat out cheaper. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said that review of the 28 percent slab in the last three meetings had been considered. He also told that in past meetings, there was a cut on 30-40 items. It was being felt that optically some items should not be in 28 percent.
The ruling National Democratic Alliance has been under pressure from various quarters. It includes traders, political parties and industry. All of these sectors have a common cause to simplify and rationalize the GST framework. Chocolates, condensed milk, mayonnaise, curry paste, refined sugar and sugar cubes, pasta, chikki, idli-dosa batter, frozen fish, chewing gum, washing powder, shaving cream, blade, shampoo, deodorant, cosmetics, marble, granite, mattress, toothpaste, fire extinguisher, watches and nutritional drinks shall become cheaper with the cut in GST rates.

The rate on 13 items will be lowered from 18 per cent to 12 per cent. On 6 items, rates will drop from 18 to 5 per cent. 8 items will have the tax rates cut from 12 to 5 per cent and 6 items from 5 per cent to zero.

Only 50 items have been left in the 28 percent bracket. It includes products in luxury and sin goods category. Also, some goods with large revenue implications such as tobacco products, automobile, washing machine, and air-conditioners come under this bracket. The slab had 228 items earlier. To benefit small businesses and consumers, the council decided to keep only limited items in the 28 percent tax slab. This is what Jaitley commented on the entire scenario. The issues including real estate in GST and incentivizing digital transactions were delayed.

An Investigation of GST and ongoing protest:

RTIwala Reveals: #GSTOverhaul - What all you should need to know?
Source: GSTN

There are two ways of looking at the major overhaul of rates that the GST Council announced. It has resulted in 178 items being flung off the top 28 percent tax group and placed into the 18 percent slot, and another 35 being shifted to lower slabs.

One, it is a sign that the Narendra Modi government has its ears on the ground and is receptive to disapproval. Therefore, this move is an integral part of the constant tinkering of rates.

The prime minister tweeted in response to the entire happening of events. Jaitley says that the rates were arrived at “by saddling previous taxes” and applying “principles of equivalence,” sounds like a bad excuse overall. It seems like a classic casing of policy-making being outsourced to the constricted hypothesis of bureaucratic fantasies. Surely, the logic behind GST is rationalization and simplification of taxes, not a mere adding of the existing ones?

These explanations are pointless. It doesn’t need “principles of equivalence” or other such pretentious jargon to defend a move that should have been obvious from the start. Many items that were knocked off the roost should have never been there in the first place. It is a struggle to understand as if why ordinary, household stuff such as chewing gum, chocolates, shaving creams, after-shaves, shampoos, deodorants, and detergent powder were clubbed with ‘sin’ items such as luxury cars or tobacco products. The Finance Minister is a wise man. His words during the press briefing— “optically, some of them (items) should not have been there (in 28% slab)” — was an admittance of the error as one could get.

The second possibility lies in the fact that the frequent ‘rationalisation’ of GST rates is a damning example of political strategy. It continues to govern India’s public policy where decisions are based on political compulsions than higher logic.

The GST is a major tax reform. Some crucial issues on the implementation side in such a diverse and populous nation are inevitable and understandable. Sadly, even after the “major overhaul,” the filing of tax returns remains a minefield of bureaucratic traps.

Also Read: Rw Reveals Top 10 Unknown Facts of Mahatma Gandhi

What All We Understood about the GST!

The government’s focus during the implementation was more towards achieving revenue neutrality. The focus should have been on letting the market settle down and get familiar with the new system. This may have resulted in short-term inflationary pressures and even a missed quarter or two of fiscal targets. It would have gifted us with a plain and simpler tax regime — where most items are based on the middle bracket of 18 percent. It would have triggered more consumers spending. That would have been a better way to achieve revenue targets than the shortcut of putting 277 items in the highest tax bracket.

After 120 days of GST, the government has finally found the reality but in so doing, has created innumerable difficulties for the consumer. It has also created space for the Opposition to claim credit for the subsequent lowering of rates. Gujarat Elections are another noticeable highlight in all these happening of events.

(With Inputs by Gehna Kundra)

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RTIwala Explains Kulbhushan Jadhav and hope of many Indians!
Explains

Kulbhushan Jadhav and hope of many Indians!

Kulbhushan Jadhav and hope of many Indians!

India-Pakistan relationship has always had a series of twists and turns. You get what you expect the least. Since the days of Partition, there has been a never-ending tussle that continues to date. In the latest development, Pakistan has agreed to arrange a meeting between Kul Bhushan Jadhav and his wife on “humanitarian grounds”.

Related: Saudi Arabia Detains Those in Power: When, Why & How?

This is an offer that has taken India by surprise. Pakistan said that it would arrange the meeting between former Indian Navy officer held on espionage charges, and his wife. On April 25, India had sought visas for Jadhav’s parents, Sudhir and Avantika Jadhav, to visit Pakistan. It was exactly two weeks after Jadhav was sentenced to death by a Pakistani military court.

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Kulbhushan Jadhav and the Developments

RTIwala Explains Kulbhushan Jadhav and hope of many Indians!
Source: Twitter

Sources in the Ministry of External Affairs said the government was deliberating on how to react to the latest offer made by Pakistan. It is being considered that a visa has not been sought for Jadhav’s wife, whose identity has not been revealed. The ministry is yet to officially respond on the issue. Sources described Pakistan’s offer as an attempt to counter India’s argument at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague. The argument said that Jadhav was not granted consular access in breach of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. On May 18, a 10-member ICJ bench had restrained Pakistan from executing Jadhav till it adjudicates on the case.

On the flip side, sources said, Pakistan’s “offer” is the latest indication

that Jadhav is “still alive”.

Pakistan’s foreign ministry said in its official statement that the Government of Pakistan has decided to arrange a meeting of Commander Kul Bhushan Jadhav with his wife, in Pakistan. It is based purely on humanitarian grounds. It also informed that a Note Verbale to effect has been sent to the Indian High Commission in Islamabad.

Pakistan has referred repeatedly to Jadhav as “Commander”, in a bid to imply that he was a serving as an Indian official. It is contrary to India’s claim that he was retired defence personnel who became a businessman.

Related: Sushma Swaraj at United Nation General Assembly

The Pakistan foreign ministry further added that Commander Kul Bhushan Jadhav alias, Hussain Mubarak Patel, was a serving Commander of the Indian Navy, working with Indian Intelligence Agency/RAW. He was detained by Pakistan law enforcement agencies on March 3, 2016, after it is claimed that he illegally crossed over into Pakistan. Pakistan Foreign Ministry says that he confessed before a Magistrate and the Court that he was tasked by RAW to plan, coordinate and organize espionage, terrorist and sabotage activities. All these activities were aimed at destabilizing and waging war against Pakistan.

These charges have been rejected by India. The government of India has maintained that Jadhav was a businessman based in Chabahar in Iran and was kidnapped from that country. The Indian side had pursued various legal remedies available under the Pakistan Army Act 1952 in the case. The Government had applied for visas for Jadhav’s parents through the External Affairs Ministry.

However, the sources say that no responses to those applications have been received to date.

What has all happened earlier with Kulbhushan Jadhav?

Jadhav’s family has filed an appeal and submitted a petition to the Federal Government of Pakistan under Section 131 of the Pakistan Army Act 1952. The appeal and petition were handed over by the Indian High Commissioner in Islamabad to Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary in Islamabad.

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj wrote a letter to the then Advisor to the Pakistan Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs. She requested his personal intervention regarding visas for the “parents”. The government also sought consular admittance to Jadhav several times, but it all went in vain.

Meanwhile, in Pakistan, the process of filing of plea has started. It’s in response to India’s representation in the ICJ against the death sentence to Jadhav. The ICJ had asked Pakistan to submit its response by December 13 before the court could start further proceedings. India had submitted its representation on September 13.

India has warned Pakistan of consequences and damage to bilateral ties if the execution, which it described as “premeditated murder”, was carried out.

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RTIwala Explains Who was Anasuya Sarabhai, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts about Anasuya Sarabhai. Read today's trending news only on RTIwala website.
Explains

Who was Anasuya Sarabhai, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts!

Who was Anasuya Sarabhai, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts!

RTIwala Team will tell you about Who was Anasuya Sarabhai, Why Google Doodle and everything you should know about her as Top 5 Unknown Facts! As we all know that Google used to celebrate the birth and death anniversary of people, places and things by dedicating an artistic doodle for them. This time to Google India has celebrated the death anniversary of Anasuya Sarabhai.

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Who was Anasuya Sarabhai?

RTIwala Explains Who was Anasuya Sarabhai, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts about Anasuya Sarabhai. Read today's trending news only on RTIwala website.
Source: The Tribune

Anasuya Sarabhai was Indian Women & Labour Right Activist, she was born on November 11, 1885, to a Jain industrialist’s family in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. She went to England for higher studies where she was influenced by the Fabian Society and new ideas concerning equality and became involved in the Suffragette struggle.

Related: Who was Sitara Devi and Why Google Doodle for her?

She came back to India and started working for unprivileged Children by opening schools for them. Anasuya took up the task to change the situation. In the year 1914 when the epidemic hit Ahmedabad, the condition of the mill workers deteriorated further and they approached Anasuya Sarabhai to take up their cause. She gave an ultimatum to the mill owners and even went against her brother, Ambalal, who was the then-president of the Mill Owners’ Association, demanding better wages and working ambiance for the laborers. Her endeavor was successful and the trade union movement in India took its baby steps.

Also Read: Top 10 Unbelievable Facts about Mahatma Gandhi

Anasuya Sarabhai was called Motaben, Gujarati for “elder sister”. She mentored Ela Bhatt, founder of the Self-Employed Women’s Association of India. Sarabhai died in 1972.

Top 5 Unknown Facts about Anasuya Sarabhai

  1. Her parents died when she at a tender age of 9 and she was married at the age of 13.
  2. She went to England to study medical science but then switched to the London School of Economics as the animal dissection involved in obtaining a medical degree, was in violation of her Jain beliefs.
  3. Her protest with mill workers helped them in altering the 36 hours non-break work rule which was one of her Anasuya Sarabhai’s major achievement.
  4. 1000s of workers participated in the protest against mill workers, laying the foundation for Gujarat’s oldest labor union, Majoor Mahajan Sangh (Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association or TLA), that was established on February 25, 1920.
  5. She was supported by Mahatma Gandhi to set up Gujarat’s oldest labor union, which later paved the way for the founding of the Self-Employed Women’s Association of India (SEWA).

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RTIwala Twitter's Increased the Limit from 140 to 280 Characters and reactions!
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Twitter’s Increased the Limit from 140 to 280 Characters and reactions!

Twitter’s Increased the Limit from 140 to 280 Characters and reactions!

When you think about Twitter, the issues that pop up in your mind are nonstop harassmentcruel propagandas and a president threatening potential nuclear war. Twitter has proved itself to be a modern-day war arena. People get to put out their frustration and even welcome the new changes. All of it, in the 140 character limit. But, here is something new! Twitter is officially doubling its signature 140-character limit for all users. The decision has been taken following a “successful” trial run in September with select users.

So why is the company focused on doubling its character count for tweets to 280 characters from its original 140?

Twitter 140 to 280. What is it all about?

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Aliza Rosen, the Twitter product manager, wrote in a blog spot that at Twitter the change is being made after listening and observing a problem. The global community on Twitter always remarked- it wasn’t easy enough to Tweet! Twitter studied data to understand how it could improve. And here is the wonder!

Most people should automatically see the 280-character feature. If not, an update on their mobile app or refresh twitter.com on their computers. It is to be noted that people tweeting in Japanese, Korean, and Chinese will remain at the 140 character limit for now. Twitter says historically 9 percent of tweets in English hit the 140-character limit. Howsoever, the volume falls to 1 percent when 280 characters are available.

Twitter's Increased the Limit from 140 to 280 Characters and reactions!
Image Source: Flickr

The move comes at an awkward time for Twitter. The Social Media honcho has been facing criticism and strain from shareholders, Congress, President Donald Trump and everyday people who use it. Among the most-discussed complaints have been concerns that the company negligently mishandled the daily harassment. It is believed that Twitter allowed propaganda on the platform that illegally influenced the 2016 presidential election.

It’s probably no surprise that the company’s user count has stalled at 330 million accounts! That’s after Twitter admitted to having overestimated user numbers for three years. Concerns about Russian interference in the US election led Congressional leaders to grill Facebook, Google and Twitter. The leaders asked for the details of how that intrusive action happened and what the tech giants are doing to stop it. Fearing federal regulation, the Tech Giants have vowed to make changes.

Also Read: Rw Interviews with Famous and Most Outstanding Indians

What is the significance of Twitter’s increased 280 Limit?

So, what do 280 characters hold significance in this regard? “The announcement could briefly divert negative attention from larger problems”, said Kelley Heider. Kelley is a crisis communications expert at SSPR, a public relations firm that often works with tech companies.

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Heider added that there are potential pitfalls to the new character count. Kelley fears if people use the greater length to post even more inflammatory tweets.

“It will be pretty interesting to see what President Trump does with it, for sure,” she said.

In the past two years, Twitter has ditched the limit when people send direct messages to one another. It’s also relaxed limitations on photos, videos and GIFs.

When the 280-character trial began, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey said in series of tweets that the original 140-character limit was subjective. He claimed that it was inspired by the 160-character limit for SMS messages over cell phones. “What matters now is we clearly show why this change is important, and to prove to you it’s better,” he said. “Give us some time to learn and confirm our ideas.”

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RTIwala Explains Who was Sitara Devi, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts!
Explains

Who was Sitara Devi, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts!

Who was Sitara Devi and Why Google Doodle for her?

RTIwala Explains who was Sitara Devi, Why Google Doodle for her and Top 5 Unknown Fact about Sitara Devi in this researched Article under RTIwala Explains. As we all know that Google used to celebrate the birth and death anniversary of people, places and things by dedicating an artistic doodle for them. This time to Google India has celebrated the birth anniversary of Late Sitara Devi.

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Who was Sitara Devi?

RTIwala Explains Who was Sitara Devi, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts!
Source: WordPress Blog

Sitara Devi was world famous Kathak Dancer, born on 8th Nov 1920, in Kolkata. As an eminent Indian dancer of the classical Kathak style of dancing. Rabindranath Tagore described her as Nritya Samragini, meaning the empress of dance, after watching her performance when she was just 16 years old. The epithet continues, and she is still described as the Kathak queen.

Watch: Top 10 Unknown & Unbelievable Facts about Mahatma Gandhi

She gave performances in several parts of India, and in several other countries, including at the Royal Albert Hall, London in 1967; and at the Carnegie Hall, New York in 1976.

Why Google Doodle for Sitara Devi?

The significant achievements of Sitara Devi over a career spanning six decades were recognized by several awards, including the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and the Padma Shree. Her legacy continues to inspire young talent in dance. Thanks to guest artist Ranganath Krishnamani, and happy 97th birthday to Sitara Devi, Empress of Dance!

Top 5 Unknown Facts about Sitara Devi

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  1. She refused to accept the Padma Bhushan award, declaring, “it is an insult, not an honor,” Is this government not aware of my contribution to Kathak? I will not accept any award less than Bharat Ratna.” [As quoted to PTI]
  2. At age of 11, Sitara Devi’s Dance impressed Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore and offered her a shawl and Rs 50 which Sitara Devi refused and sought his blessings instead to become a great dancer.
  3. She taught kathak dancing to Bollywood celebrities such as Madhubala, Rekha, Mala Sinha, and Kajol. She envisioned formalizing her teaching and planned to set up a Kathak training academy.
  4. She was born in a Brahmin family (of Varanasi), settled in Kolkatan and then later married to Nazir Ahmed Khan than to K. Asif (Director of Mughal—e—Azam) and then to Pratap Barot, with whom she had a son, Ranjit Barot.
  5. She received the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1969, followed by the Padma Shri in 1973 and song sautan ke ghar na jaiyo was an instant hit of those days.

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Who is Hirotugu Akaike and Why Google Doodle for Hirotugu Akaike?
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Who is Hirotugu Akaike and Why Google Doodle for him?

Who is Hirotugu Akaike and Why Google Doodle for him?

RTIwala Explains everything you’d know about Hirotugu Akaike and the reason for Google’s Doodle for him! As we all know that Google used to celebrate the birth and death anniversary of people, places and things. And, today’s Doodle portrays Dr. Akaike against a Google-inspired approximation of functions, parameters, and their respective curves.

So who is Hirotugu Akaike?

Dr. Hirotugu Akaike, Japan’s prominent statistician who was born on November 5, 1927, in Japan’s Shizuoka Prefecture and died on August 8, 2009, of pneumonia in Ibaraki Prefecture. He has worked on information theory for more than four decades of his life.

Why Google Doodle for him?

Major Contributions of Hirotugu Akaike?

Who is Hirotugu Akaike and Why Google Doodle for Hirotugu Akaike?
Source: Google Doodle

After more than two decades of research, in the early 1970s, he formulated a criterion for model selection—the Akaike Information Criterion, which is now widely used. With AIC, analysts select a model from a set of options by measuring how close the results are to the (hypothetical) truth. And he was also awarded Kyoto Prize for it in 2006.

For many Mathematicians and Statisticians,  it was considered as a very new paradigm of statistical modeling. It was set apart and was completely different from traditional statistical theory. The Akaike paradigm greatly influenced a broad area of research in statistics.

Dr. Hirotugu Akaike also led the world of the Time Series Analysis in the 1960s by researching and developing the spectral analysis technique, multivariate time series model, statistical control methods and TIMSAC, software for time series analysis.

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For Dr. Hirotugu Akaike, the experience was core to creativity. To get ‘a direct feel of random vibrations,’ for example, he bought a scooter and rode it around Mount Fuji. This first-hand experience helped him differentiate between the vibrations of riding on normal and heavily-trucked roads as mentioned on the Google Doodle page.

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Who's Abdul Qavi Desnavi? Why Google Doodle for him?
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Who’s Abdul Qavi Desnavi? Why Google Doodle for him?

Who’s Abdul Qavi Desnavi? Why Google Doodle for him?

RTIwala Explains everything you should know about Abdul Qavi Desnav and his contributions to Urdu. As we all know that Google used to celebrate the birth and death anniversary of people, places and things. And, today is 87th Birth Anniversary of one of Indias greatest Urdu Poet!

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Abdul Qavi Desnavi was born in village Desna, Bihar of block Asthawan to the family of Muslim scholar Syed Sulaiman Nadvi. Desnavi was the son of Syed Mohammed Saeed Raza, who was Professor of Urdu, Arabic and Persian languages in St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai.

Why Google Doodle for Abdul Qavi Desnavi?

Who's Abdul Qavi Desnavi? Why Google Doodle for him?
Source: Wikimedia Commons

The contribution of Abdul Qavi Desnavi for the Urdu language as a whole is quite significant. Abdul Qavi Desnavi got his primary education in Arrah town of Bihar state. Then thereafter he completed his Graduation and PG in First from St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai.

Also Read: Top 10 Unbelievable Facts about Gandhi Ji

He joined Urdu department in Saifia Post Graduate College in February 1961. He became Professor and head of the Urdu department of Saifia College. He was a well known literary figure in India and in the Urdu world.

Top 5 Unknown Facts about Abdul Qavi Desnavi

  1. He was the author of famous Urdu Literature books including ‘Sat Tahriren,’ ‘Motala-E-Khotoot Ghalib,’ ‘Talash-E-Azad,’.
  2. The biographical ‘Hayat-e-Abul Kalam Azad,’ which celebrated the life of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was most appreciated by Urdu lovers.
  3.  Abdul Qavi Desnavi mentored a few of India’s best Urdu poets and writers such as Javed Akhtar and Iqbal Masood,” Google’s blog reads.
  4. He was born into the family of Muslim scholar Sulaiman Nadvi, claimed to be descended from and who was a recognized historian and biographer of Muhammad, the last and final messenger of Allah (Wikipedia).
  5. He was also the Dean Faculty of Arts, Barkatullah University Bhopal (1980–1982) & Secretary of Madhya Pradesh Urdu Academy, Bhopal (1991–92).

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RTIwala Explains What is Article 35A and Significance of 35A?
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What is Article 35A and Significance of 35A?

What is Article 35A all about?

RTIwala Explains Article 35A and everything you should know about it! It’s an Article of Indian Constitution which defines the permanent residents of the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir and provide special rights and privileges to those permanent residents. Nowadays, this article is one of the most debated and discussed issue across all media sources.

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What is the History of Article 35A?

RTIwala Explains What is Article 35A and Significance of 35A?
Wikimedia Commons

When J&K joined India through the instrument of accession signed by its ruler Hindu Rajput Ruler Hari Singh in the month of October 1947. And, after the J&K’s accession, popular leader Sheikh Abdullah (grandfather or Omar Abdullah) took over reins from Dogra ruler. In 1949, he negotiated J&K’s political relationship with New Delhi, which led to the inclusion of Article 370 in the Constitution.


The Article 35A inserted after the 1952 Delhi Agreement between Abdullah and Nehru, several provisions of the Constitution were extended to J&K via the Presidential order of Dr Rajendra Prasad in 1954.

Also Read: Interviews of Prominent Indian Personalities

The significance of Article 35A for J&K residents!

The Constitution of Jammu & Kashmir was framed in 1956. It retained Maharaja Hari Singh’s definition of permanent residents:

  • All persons born or settled within the state before 1911 or after having lawfully acquired immovable property resident in the state for not less than ten years prior to that date.
  • All emigrants from Jammu and Kashmir, including those who migrated to Pakistan, are considered state subjects.The descendants of emigrants are considered state subjects for two generations.

  • The passed Permanent Residents law prohibits non-permanent residents (from other states of India) to get a permanent settlement in the state of J&K, acquiring immovable property, govt jobs, scholarships, and aid.
  • It was also interpreted as discriminatory against J&K women. It disqualified them from their state subject rights if they married non-permanent residents.

But, in a landmark judgment in October 2002, J&K high court held that women married to non-permanent residents will not lose their rights. The children of such women don’t have succession rights.

  • An emergency can be imposed only on the grounds of internal disturbances and imminent danger from
    a foreign enemy.
  • The central government has no power to impose financial emergency in the state.

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All of sudden why Article 35A is trending?

Today the Hon’ble Supreme Court is set to take up a clutch of petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the politically contentious Article 35A. Four petitions demanding to scrap of the provision have been listed before a bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandracud. The main petition was filed by Delhi-based NGO We the Citizens in 2014. Subsequently, three more petitions challenged the Article and were clubbed with the main one.

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