RTIwala Explains: Hindi happens to be the most widely spoken languages in India. In a country with more than 20 scheduled languages, how exactly did Hindi become the most popular of all? By the way, did you know that Hindi is not the ‘national language’ of India as many of us believe it to be but only the other ‘official language’ after English? Here, we will unravel the emergence of Hindi so as to be celebrated in the form of ‘World Hindi Day’. In this researched article, we bring to you the phenomenal reasons of our ‘Hindi Diwas’, aka the World Hindi Day across the globe.
What is the origin of the World Hindi Day and Hindi Diwas?
The Constituent Assembly of India had adopted Hindi as its official language on 14th September 1949. The Hindi language has been originally derived from Devanagari, a kind of scripting language which was used in very ancient India and Nepal. It is written from left to right and has a strong preference for symmetrical rounded shapes within squared outlines. It is recognizable by a horizontal line that runs along the top of full letters.
The World Hindi Day came first into existence on 10th January 2006, this is celebrated alongside the National Hindi Diwas. The purpose of the World Hindi Day is to promote Hindi globally, while the National Hindi Diwas is celebrated across the country.
Some Interesting Facts about World Hindi Day and Hindi
- On this occasion, Union Ministry of External Affairs(MEA) conducts special events to spread the greatness of the language through its missions abroad.
- The Department of Official Language – Rajbhasha also organizes various events to mark this day.
- The Pacific Island country, Fiji also adopted Hindi as an official language. The dialect of Hindi spoken in Fiji is known as Fiji Baat.
- Hindi is the most spoken language and ranks fourth in the world.
- Hindi is also an Indo-Aryan language and became very popular in the Hindi belt of the world.
- Hindi is a descendant of Sanskrit an ancient language.
Where does Hindi stand with a debatable English?
As per the Indian Constitution of Article 351, it is the duty of the Union Government to promote the Hindi language, as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India. The Indian Constitution deals with the official languages of the Indian Commonwealth which includes Hindi in Devanagari and English.
It was planned by the Union Government during 1965 to make Hindi as sole working language (as per directives in Article 344 (2) and Article 351).But because of non-native speakers such as those of South India they were resisted on the imposition of Hindi. And thus it led to the continuation of English as the all-purpose official language by the Official Languages Act of 1963.
The hard core of the Hindi language can be seen in the Indian states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. Though English has set a platform for an official purpose internationally but for us, Hindi resides inside our hearts and we are proud of our mother tongue.