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Who was Rukhmabai and Top 7 Unknown Facts about Rukhmabai Raut!

RTIwala Explains Who was Rukhmabai and Top 5 Unknown Facts about Rukhmabai Raut!

This time again Google India came up with the doodle on Rukhmabai and we, the RTIwala Team is here to explain Who was Rukhmabai and Top 5 Unknown Facts about Rukhmabai Raut! As we all know that Google always celebrates the birth and death anniversary of people, places and things (inventions) by dedicating an artistic doodle for them. This time to Google India has celebrated the 153rd birth anniversary of Rukhmabai.

Also Read: Who was Anasuya Sarabhai, Why Google Doodle and Top 5 Unknown Facts!

Who was Rukhmabai…?

Who was Rukhmabai and Top 7 Unknown Facts about Rukhmabai Raut!

Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Rukhmabai Raut was one of the first female opted for Medicine apart from Anandibai Joshi, Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu. She was on November 22, 1864, in a Maharashtrian (Marathi) family to Janardhan Pandurang and Jayantibai who came from a community of carpenters (Sutars). She was one of the bold and progressive women of that time.

Related: How many Living Freedom Fighters and their dependents in India?

She was famously known for her stand towards legal separation (then divorce) and love for higher studies in medicine. She was also at the heart of a landmark legal case which led to the enactment of the Age of Consent Act, 1891.

Top 5 Unknown Facts about Rukhmabai Raut?

  1. Rukhmabai was a victim of child marriage as she was married at the age of 11 to 19-year-old Groom Dadaji Bhikaji after her father died when she was just 8 years old.
  2. Rukhmabai’s Mother Jayantibai transferred her property to Rukhmabai who was only eight and she remarried after her daughter’s marriage to Dr. Sakharam Arjun, and the step-father supported Rukhmabai at every step.
  3. She refused to live with her husband and maternal-in-laws who were after her property she inherited from his deceased father.
  4. She fought a long legal case against her husband after marriage and won the case. This judgment was also criticized by Bal Gangadhar Tilak and other prominent Hindu leaders.
  5.  Rukhmabai wrote numerous letters in the newspapers under the pseudonym A Hindu Lady particularly the Times of India, which stirred the support and public sentiments in her favor.
  6. A fund was created to support her travel and study in England at the London School of Medicine for the 5 years degree course.
  7.  Rukhmabai returned to India in 1894 and joined a hospital in Surat as the First practicing female doctor in India, where she served as the chief medical officer for 35 long years. She retired around 1930, and eventually, breathed her last in 1955, at the age of 91.


  • Today’s Doodle by illustrator Shreya Gupta, an Indian born Artist working in New York under the direction of Eric Nagler.
  • Incidentally, Google has created few more doodles today. Users in Russia will be seeing a slideshow depicting the life and times of writer Vladimir Dal, who compiled the Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language.
  • Users in South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, and other Asia Pacific countries are being treated with Kimchi, the popular Korean dish made of napa cabbage, green onion, fish sauce, red pepper flakes, rice flour, salt, ginger, radish, carrot, and garlic made in onggi (clay pot).

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